Metacognition establishes the value and importance of both critical reflection and self-evaluation for successful workplace performance, as well as personal development. The ongoing monitoring of learning via self-assessment or self-evaluation can increase overall understanding, and improve performance.
Reflection is widely acknowledged in literature as a means to enable the learner to extend their learning experiences beyond the classroom by giving them a meaning and place in the bigger picture. It also enables links to be made both within and between content areas; enhancing the understanding of the processes by which satisfactory outcomes or performances are concluded.
The significance of metacognition to learning process is such that it stimulates deep learning. Therefore, educators who seek to connect and ground student learning experiences, thus increasing their ability to re-apply the acquired knowledge, may wish to consider the use of active critical reflection to perform the assessment activity itself.